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  Roles of the players and Markers in Bowls  
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  Each player has a specialist task to perform which is vital and equally important in its contribution to the team effort and result. Each player must also have an appreciation and understanding of the role of other players. This enables a deeper awareness among bowlers of the difficulties facing their team mate(s) and leads to a higher level of compatibility within the rink.  
  The lead provides the foundation stone for building a head, which often dictates the pattern of play. A good lead has the ability to draw two bowls into the head at any length.
The lead's duties include:
Placing mat right side up
Ensuring the centring of mat and jack
Delivering jack to the length required by the skip
Delivering two bowls as close as possible to the jack
Retiring behind mat when finished.
  The second must have the ability to draw consistently. It is his/her duty to get a bowl in the head should the lead fail. The second continues the head building process, which the lead started.
In an ideal world, the second is a player who has had experience playing in ALL positions and who has developed the ability to play a full range of shots.

The duties of a second include:
Playing the shot selected by the skip
May be nominated for other duties as required by the skip.
  The third must be able to play all the shots in the game and have the ability to read a 'head'. A third is there to support the skip and offer advice, if asked.
The duties of a third include:
Playing shots as directed by the skip
Informing the skip regarding any change in the head
Conveying information clearly and promptly to the skip when requested
Measuring shots when deputed by the skip
Lifting out the counting shots against when agreed with the opposing third
Calling the skip if unsure about the outcome of a measure
Agreeing the count with the opposing third
Informing skip and second of the score.
  The skip is responsible for decision-making. He/she decides the shot to be played and the tactics to be used. Other team members should never question a skip's decision. The skip is in charge of the rink.
The duties of a skip include:
Marking the score cards at each end
Directing play and deciding tactics
Deciding upon contentious issues
Delegating duties to rink members
Giving clear, concise instructions and directions
Having a thorough knowledge of the laws and rules of the game
The ability to play all the shots
Motivating and encouraging players
Having a knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of rink members
Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of the opposition.
1. Compatibility between each member of the rink is important.
2. All rink members must have confidence in each other.
3. Self-discipline among rink members is important.
4. Rink members must encourage and support each other through good times and bad.
5. Rink members must be able to communicate effectively with each other.
  The duties of a marker include:
Controlling the game in accordance with its national laws
At Association, Inter-Association or International level, checking bowls and stamps - composition bowls stamped more recently than 1985 are valid as long as the individual is not playing in an international or world bowls team
Introducing him/herself and checking bowler's names
Witnessing the toss
Having chalk, pen and measure
Observing strict neutrality
Ensuring mat is positioned correctly
Centring jack and, when necessary, placing at full head position
Ensuring jack is not less than the minimum length
Standing still and to one side and to the rear of the jack
Answering questions asked by person in possession of the rink
Declaring bowls as touchers
Marking all touchers
With agreement, removing all dead bowls
Marking position of bowl and jack in ditch
If requested, measuring for shot and if undecided, the marker/players may call the umpire
Removing bowls only when shots are declared
Telling players the score at each end
Entering the agreed score at each end
Getting card signed.






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